(formerly Cydonia speciosa) Rosaceae
Common Flowering Quince
- Deciduous shrub, 6-10 ft (2-3 m) high, similar or greater spread, rounded outline, sometimes erect, tangled and dense twiggy mass, spiny branches. Leaves alternate, simple, ovate to oblong, 4-9 cm long, sharply serrate, lustrous dark green above, stipules large on current seasons growth. Flowers (red, pink to white) start to appear before leaves in spring (sporadically in fall), solitary or 2-4 per cluster, about 4 cm across, showy. Fruit yellowish green with reddish blush, 5-6 cm long, fragrant, speckled with small dots, ripen in early fall.
- Sun (best for full flowering) to partial shade. Adaptable to many soil conditions, does well in dry situations. Easy to grow. Prune to remove older branches, or cut to 15 cm above ground to renew. New growth bears next year's flowers.
- Hardy to USDA Zone 4 Native to China.
- A number of cultivars, including:
- 'Cameo': actually C. × supurba (C. japonica × C. speciosa), low form, thornless, flowers double, apricot pink.
- 'Jet Trail': low growing, 2-3 ft, white flowers.
- 'Nivalis': upright, vigorous, white flowers.
- 'Orange Delight': low spreading plant, bright orange flowers.
- 'Texas Scarlet': compact, low growing, spreading, profuse tomato-red flowers.
- 'Toyo-nishiki': upright shrub, 6 ft, with white, pink and red flowers on the same branch.
- speciosa: showy, the flowers.
- Oregon State Univ. campus: north of Withycomb in shrubbery on south side of parking lot; white flowering type in area southwest of Burt.