Araucaria heterophylla Araucariaceae
Norfolk Island Pine ar-a-KA-ri-a het-er-o-FIL-a
- Evergreen tree, conifer (but not a pine), grows to 230 ft (70 m) high under very favorable conditions,
branches in whorls of 4-7. Bark exfoliates in thin layers. Leaves (needles) in two
forms, on young plants and side branches needles are soft, awl-shaped, bowed inward, and not overlapping;
on mature trees the leaves are scale-like and overlapping, about 0.6 cm long (mature form not usually seen on
plants in cultivation). Seed cones erect, usually wider than high (to 12 cm wide by 10 cm tall);
seeds about 2.5 cm long and less than 0.2 cm wide.
- Sun. Very wind and salt tolerant. Cultivated in warmer regions or as a greenhouse or
house plant in colder areas.
- Hardy to USDA Zone 10-11 (tropical) Native to Norfolk Island, a small island (about 4 by 5 miles) in the southern Pacific Ocean, east of Australia. There are a number of selections with varying needle color and shape.
- heterophylla: a reference to the differences in leaf forms.