Martin Vavra's Publications

  • DelCurto, T., B.K. Johnson, M. Vavra, A.A. Ager, and P.K. Coe. 2000. The influence of season on distribution patterns relative to water and resource use by cattle grazing mixed forested rangelands. Proc. West. Sec. Am. Soc. Anim. Sci. Vol. 51:171-175.
  • Riggs, R.A., A.R. Tiedemann, J.G. Cook, T.M. Ballard, P.J. Edgerton, M. Vavra, W.C. Krueger, F.C. Hall, L.D. Bryant, L.L. Irwin, and T. DelCurto. 2000. Modification of mixed-conifer forests by ruminant herbivores in the Blue Mountains ecological province. USDA Forest Service Research Paper PNW-RP-527.
  • Walburger, K., T. DelCurto, M. Vavra, L. Bryant, and J. Kie. 2000. Influence of a grazing system and aspect, north vs. south, on the nutritional quality of forages, and performance and distribution of cattle grazing forested rangelands. Proc. West. Sec. Am. Soc. Anim. Sci. Vol. 51:181-184.
  • Vavra, M., M.J. Willis, and D.P. Sheehy. 1999. Livestock-big game relationships: conflicts and compatibilities. In: Grazing behavior of livestock and wildlife. K.L. Launchbaugh, J.C. Mosley, and K.D. Sanders, Eds. Station Bulletin 70 University of Idaho, Moscow, ID.
  • Vavra, Martin. 1998. Public land and natural resource issues confronting animal scientists and livestock producers. J. Anim. Sci. 1998. 76:2,340-2,345
  • Vavra, Martin. 1998. An ecological perspective of livestock grazing. Proc. of the International Symposium on Animal Production Under Grazing. Universidade Federal de Vicosa, M.G., Brazil. pp. 333-348.
  • Vavra, M. and D. Ganskopp. 1998. Grazing behavior in ungulates: Current concepts and future challenges. Annals of Arid Zone 37(3):319-355.
  • Sheehy, Dennis P. and Martin Vavra. 1996. Ungulate foraging areas on seasonal rangeland in northeastern Oregon. J. Range Manage. 49(1):16-23.
  • Vavra, M. and D.P. Sheehy. 1996. Improving elk habitat characteristics with livestock grazing. Rangelands 18:182-185.
  • Vavra, M. 1996. Sustainability of livestock production systems: an ecological perspective. J. of Anim. Sci. 74:1,418-1,423.
  • Fajemisin, B., D. Ganskopp, R. Cruz, M. Vavra. 1995. Potential for woody control by Spanish goats in the sagebrush steppe. Small Ruminant Research 20:99-107.
  • Vavra, M. 1992. Livestock and big game forage relationships. Rangelands 14:57-59.
  • McInnis, Michael L., Larry L. Larson, and Martin Vavra. 1990. Classifying Herbivore Diets Using Hierarchical Cluster Analysis. J. Range Manage. 43(3):271-274.
  • McInnis, Michael L., Thomas M. Quigley, Martin Vavra, and H. Reed Sanderson. 1990. Predicting beef cattle stocking rates and live weight gains on eastern Oregon rangelands: Description of a model. Simulation, Sept.:137-145.
  • Vavra, M., M. McInnis, and D.P. Sheehy. 1989. Implications of dietary overlap of free ranging herbivores. Proc. West. Sec. Am. Soc. Anim. Sci. Vol. 40:489-495.
  • Gallivan, C., W.D. Hohenboken, and M. Vavra. 1987. Breed and heterosis effects on wool and lamb production of rotationally crossed ewes. J. Anim. Sci. 64:43-49.
  • Ganskopp, D. and M. Vavra. 1987. Slope use by cattle, feral horses, deer, and bighorn sheep. Northwest Science 61(2):74-81.
  • Holechek, Jerry L., Timothy J. Berry, and Martin Vavra. 1987. Grazing system influences on cattle performance on mountain range. J. Range Manage. 40(1)55-59.
  • McInnis, M.L. and M. Vavra. 1987. Dietary relationships among feral horses, cattle, and pronghorn in southeastern Oregon. J. Range Manage. 40(1):60-66.
  • McInnis, Michael L. and Martin Vavra. 1986. Summer diets of domestic sheep grazing mountain meadows in northeastern Oregon. Northwest Sci. 60(4):265-270.
  • Vavra, Martin. 1986. Manipulative grazing of plant communities. In: Grazing Research at Northern Latitudes. Gudmundsson, O. (ed.). Plenum Publishing Corp.
  • Glenn, D.M., A. Carey, F.E. Bolton, and M. Vavra. 1985. Effect of N fertilizer on protein content of grain, straw, and chaff tissues in soft white winter wheat. Agron. J. 77:229-232.
  • Holechek, Jerry L., Martin Vavra, Daniel Manzanares, Mary Sanchez, and John Boshe. 1985. A comparison of esophageal fistula and fecal material to determine cattle diet botanical composition. Proc. West. Sec. Am. Soc. Anim. Sci. Vol. 36:286-289.
  • Svejcar, Tony and Martin Vavra. 1985. The influence of several range improvements on estimated carrying capacity of potential beef production. J. Range Manage. 38(5):395-399.
  • Leslie, David M., Jr., Edward E. Starkey, and Martin Vavra. 1984. Elk and deer diets in old-growth forests in western Washington. J. Wildl. Manage. 48(3):762-775.
  • Vavra, Martin. 1984. Livestock production possibilities on streamside meadows. In: Proc. 1984 PNW Range Management Short Course. Range Watersheds, Riparian Zones, and Economics: Interrelationships in Management and Use. OSU, Corvallis. pp. 35-44.
  • Holechek, J.L. and M. Vavra. 1983. Fistula sample numbers required to determine cattle diets on forest and grassland ranges. J. Range Manage. 36(3):323-326.
  • Holechek, Jerry L. and Martin Vavra. 1983. Drought effects on diet and weight gains of yearling heifers in northeastern Oregon. J. Range Manage. 36(2):227-231..
  • Kauffman, J. Boone, W.C. Krueger, and M. Vavra. 1983. Impacts of cattle on streambanks in northeastern Oregon. J. Range Manage. 36(6):683-685..
  • Kauffman, J. Boone, W.C. Krueger, and M. Vavra. 1983. Effects of late season cattle grazing on riparian plant communities. J. Range Manage. 36(6):685-691..
  • Leslie, David M., Jr., Martin Vavra, Edward E. Starkey, and Ron C. Slater. 1983. Correcting for differential digestibility in microhistological analyses involving common coastal forages of the Pacific Northwest. J. Range Manage. 36(6):730-732..
  • McInnis, Michael L., Martin Vavra, and William C. Krueger. 1983. A comparison of four methods used to determine the diets of large herbivores. J. Range Manage. 36(3):302-306..
  • Vavra, M. 1983. Managing grazing animal response to forestland vegetation. In: Forestland Grazing, Proceedings of a Symposium, Feb. 23-25, 1983, Spokane WA. pp. 43-51.
  • Holechek, J.L. and M. Vavra. 1982. Comparison of micro- and macro-digestion methods for fiber analysis. J. Range Manage. 35(6):799-801.
  • Holechek, Jerry L. and Martin Vavra. 1982. Forage intake by cattle on forest and grassland ranges. J. Range Manage. 35(6):737-741.
  • Holechek, J.L., M. Vavra, and D. Arthun. 1982. Relationships between performance, intake, diet nutritive quality, and fecal nutritive quality of cattle on mountain ranges. J. Range Manage. 35(6):741-744.
  • Holechek, Jerry L., Martin Vavra, and Rex D. Pieper. 1982. Botanical composition determination of range herbivore diets: a review. J. Range Manage. 35(3):309-315.
  • Holechek, J.L., M. Vavra, and R.D. Pieper. 1982. Methods for determining the nutritive quality of range ruminant diets: a review. J. Anim. Sci. 54(2):363-376.
  • Holechek, Jerry L., Martin Vavra, Jon Skovlin, and William C. Krueger. 1982. Cattle diets in the Blue Mountains of Oregon, I. Grasslands. J. Range Mange. 35(1):109-112.
  • Holechek, Jerry L., Martin Vavra, Jon Skovlin, and William C. Krueger. 1982. Cattle diets in the Blue Mountains of Oregon, II. Forests. J. Range Manage. 35(1):239-242.
  • 1980
  • Holechek, Jerry L. and Martin Vavra. 1981. The effect of slide and frequency observation numbers on the precision of microhistological analysis. J. Range Manage. 34(4):337-338.
  • Holechek, J.L., M. Vavra, and J. Skovlin. 1981. Diet quality and performance of cattle on forest and grassland range. J. Anim. Sci. 53(2):291-298.
  • Kauffman, J. Boone, William C. Krueger, and Martin Vavra. 1981. Impacts of a late season grazing scheme on nongame wildlife in a Wallowa mountain riparian ecosystem. In: Wildlife-Livestock Relationships Symposium. CourD'Alene, Idaho pp. 208-220. OSU Exp. Sta. Tech. Rep. 5832.
  • Mereszczak, I. M., W. C. Krueger, M. Vavra. 1981. Effects of range improvement on Roosevelt elk winter nutrition Oregon. J. Range Manage. 34(3):184-187.
  • Miller, Richard F., William C. Krueger, and Martin Vavra. 1981. Deer and elk use on foothill rangelands in northeastern Oregon. J. Range Manage. 34(3):201-204.
  • Turner, H.A., R.L. Phillips, M. Vavra, and D.C. Young. 1981. The efficacy of an estradiol-silicone rubber removable implant in suckling, growing, and finishing steers. J. Anim. Sci. 52(5):939-944.

1980

  • Holechek, Jerry L., M. Vavra, and J. Skovlin. 1980. Performance, diet and intake of yearling heifers under rest rotation and season long grazing systems. 33rd Annual Meeting of the Soc. of Range Manage., San Diego, CA, p. 36 (Abstract of paper presented)
  • Vavra, Martin. 1980. Forage allocation for big game and livestock in northeastern Oregon. Report submitted to Range and Wildlife Habitat Laboratory PNWFRES, USFS, La Grande, OR 97850.
  • Vavra, M. and J.L. Holechek. 1980. Factors influencing microhistological analysis of herbivore diets. J. Range Manage. 33(5):371-374.
  • Vavra, M., J.L. Holechek, and R.L. Phillips. 1980. Improved beef production from forested rangelands. In: Coordinated resource management planning in the Pacific Northwest on private and public lands. Wash. State Univ., Coop. Ext. Serv., Pullman, WA, p. 77.
  • Vavra, M. and R.L. Phillips. 1980. Drought effects on cattle performance, diet quality, and intake. Proc. West. Sec. Am. Soc. Anim. Sci. 31:157-160.
  • Vavra, M. and F. Sneva. 1979. Seasonal diets of five ungulates grazing the cold desert biome. Proc. First Int. Grassland Cong.

1979

  • Holechek, J.L. and M. Vavra. 1979. The effect of drought on livestock performance and diet quality in the Blue Mountains of northeastern Oregon.32nd Annual Meeting of the Soc. Of Range Manage. Casper, WY, p. 58 (Abstracts of paper presented)
  • Holechek, J.L., M. Vavra, J.M. Skovlin, and R.L. Phillips. 1979. Cattle performance under three grazing systems in northeastern Oregon. In: Influence of Cattle Grazing Methods and Big Game in Riparian Vegetation, Aquatic Habit, and Fish Populations, USDA, FS-PNW-1701, pp.
  • Phillips, R.L. and M. Vavra. 1979. The influence of urea-molasses supplements on animal performance and fiber digestibility. Proc. West. Sec. Amer. Soc. Anim. Sci. 30:391-293.
  • Skovlin, Jon and Martin Vavra. 1979. Winter diets of elk and deer in the Blue Mountains, Oregon. USDA, FS-PNW-RP-260. Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Portland, Oregon.
  • Vavra, M. and R.L. Phillips. 1979. Diet quality and cattle performance on forested rangeland in northeast Oregon. Proc. West. Sec. Am. Soc. Anim. Sci. 30:170-173.

1978

  • Holechek, J.L., M. Vavra, and J.M. Skovlin. 1978. Cattle diet quality, intake, and performance on forest and grassland range in northeastern Oregon. 31st Annual Meeting Soc. of Range Mange. p. 12.
  • Levine, Joel M., M. Vavra, R. Phillips, and William Hohenboken. 1978. Ewe lamb conception as an indicator of future production in farm flock Columbia and Targhee ewes. J. Anim. Sci. 46(1):19-25.
  • Phillips, R.L. and M. Vavra. 1978. Two feeding systems for raising lambs artificially. West. Sec. Amer. Soc. Anim. Sci. 29:101-.
  • Phillips, R.L., M. Vavra, and R.J. Raleigh. 1978. The effect of pre-calving nutrition level on the performance of cows. West. Sec. Amer. Soc. Anim. Sci. 29:431-433.
  • Rittenhouse, L.R. and M. Vavra. 1978. Nutritional aspects of native and needed sagebrush range for domestic livestock. Proc. Sagebrush Ecosystems Symposium. Logan, UT., pp. 179-191.
  • Skovlin, J.M. and M. Vavra. 1978. Winter diets of deer and elk in northeastern Oregon. Thirty-first Annual Meeting Soc. of Range Mange. p. 12.
  • Vavra, M., R.W. Rice, and R.M. Hansen. 1978. A comparison of esophageal fistula and fecal material to determine steer diets. J. Range Manage. 31(1):11-13.
  • Vavra, Martin and Forrest Sneva. 1978. Seasonal diets of five ungulates grazing the cold desert biome. Proc. of the First International Rangeland Congress, pp. 435-437.

1977

  • Hohenboken, W., M. Vavra, R. Phillips, and J.A.B. McArthur. 1977. The effects of age at first lambing on production and longevity of Columbia and Targhee ewes. Agric. Exp. Ta. Tech. Bulletin 138, OSU, Corvallis, OR.
  • McInnis, M.L., M. Vavra, and W.C. Krueger. 1977. A comparison of techniques to determine the dietsof grazing herbivores. 13th Annual Meeting Soc. of Range Mange., Portland, OR.
  • Phillips, R.L. and M. Vavra. 1977. The evaluation of fescue straw as a roughage source for wintering cows. Proc. West. Sec. Amer. Soc. Anim. Sci. 28:
  • Vavra, M., R.W. Rice, R.M. Hansen, and P.L. Sims. 1977. Food habits of cattle on shortgrass range in northeastern Colorado. J. Range Manage. 30:261-263.

1976

  • Phillips, R.L. and M. Vavra. 1976. Time of calving. Proc. Mid-Columbian Beef Cattle Conf. The Dalles, OR.
  • Vavra, Martin and Robert J. Raleigh. 1976. Coordinating beef cattle management with the range forage resources. J. Range Manage. 29(6):449-452.

1975

  • Vavra, M. 1975. Early weaning lambs. Proc. West. Sec. Am. Soc. Anim. Sci. 26:34-35.
  • Vavra, M., R.L. Phillips, and J.A.B. McArthur. 1975. Feeding grass straws to wintering cows. Proc. West. Sec. Am. Soc. Anim. Sci. 26:137-139.
  • Phillips, R.L., Vavra, M., and J.A.B. McArthur. 1975. Winter cattle on grass straw. Proc. 10th annual PNW Anim. Nutr. Conf., Portland, OR.

1974

  • Phillips, R.L., M. Vavra, and J.A.B. McArthur. 1974. Effects of dam, sire, and birth type on lamb production. Proc. West. Sec. Am. Soc. Anim. Sci. Vol. 25:80-82.
  • Vavra, M. and J.A.B. McArthur. 1974. Performance of ewes lambing at shortened intervals. Proc. West. Sec. Am. Soc. Anim. Sci. Vol. 25:94-97.

1973

  • Vavra, M., R.W. Rice, and R.E. Bement. 1973. Chemical composition of the diet, intake and gain of yearling cattle on different grazing intensities. J. Anim. Sci. 36(2):411-414.

1972

  • McArthur, J.A.B., M. Vavra, and B.R. Eller. 1972. Increased reproduction in farm flock ewes. Proc. West. Sec. Am. Soc. Anim. Sci. Vol. 23:69-76.

1970

  • Vavra, M., R.W. Rice, and R.M. Hansen. 1970. Esophageal vs. fecal sampling for the botanical determination of steer diets. Proc. West. Sec. Am. Soc. Anim. Sci. Vol. 21:291-296.
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