Juniper Stand Panorama
The Pinyon-Juniper Zone

 

References

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Sabol, T. D. 2005. Effects of western juniper (Juniperus occidentalis) removal on vian species composition in shrub-steppe habitat in south-central Oregon. Southern oregon University, Ashland, Oregon.

Salomonson, M. G. 1978. Adaptations for animal dispersal of one-seed juniper seeds. Oecologia 32:333-339.

Samuels, M. L., and J. L. Betancourt. 1982. Modeling the long-term effects of fuelwood harvest on piñon-juniper woodlands. Environmental Management 6:505-515.

Sankey, T. T., and M. J. Germino. 2008. Assessment of juniper encroachment with the use of satellite imagery and geospatial data. Rangeland Ecology & Management 61:412-418.

Santos, T. J., and J. Telleria. 1994. Influence of the forest fragmentation on seed consumption and dispersal of Spanish juniper. Biological Conservation 70:129-134.

Santos, T. J., L. Telleria, and E. Virgos. 1999. Dispersal of Spanish juniper Juniperus thurifera by birds and mammals in a fragmented landscape. Ecography 22:193-204.

Sauerwein, W. J. 1981. Pinyon-juniper management.  in  USDA Soil Conservation Service Center, West Technology Service Center, Tech. Notes, Woodland No. 13, Portand, Oregon.

_____. 1982. Western juniper site index curves.  in  NRCS USDA Soil Conservation Service; Tech Notes 14.

_____. 1984. Too many trees? Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 39:348.

Savage, M., and T. W. Swetnam. 1990. Early 19th-century fire decline following sheep pasturing in a Navajo Ponderosa pine forest. Ecology 71:2374-2378.

Schaefer, R. J., D. J. Thayer, and T. S. Burton. 2003. Forty-one years of vegetation change on permanent transects in northeastern California: Implications for wildlife.  in  California Fish and Game.

Schmidt, L. J. 1987. Present and future themes in pinyon-juniper hydrology. In: R. L. Everett (comp.), Proceedings of the Pinyon-Juniper Conference; 13-16 January 1986; Reno, NV. General Technical Report GTR-INT-215. Ogden, UT: US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. p 474-479.

Schmutz, E. M., C. C. Michaels, and B. I. Judd. 1967. Boysag Point: a relict area on the North Rim of Grand Canyon in Arizona. Journal of Range Management 20:363-369.

Scholl, D. G. 1972. Soil wetability in Utah juniper stands. Soil Science Society of America 35:344-345.

Schott, M. R., and R. D. Pieper. 1985. Influence of canopy characteristics of one-seed juniper on understory grasses. Journal of Range Management 38:328-331.

_____. 1987a. Overstory-understory interations in southwestern pinyon-juniper vegetation. In: R. L. Everett (comp.), Proceedings of the Pinyon-Juniper Conference; 13-16 January 1986; Reno, NV. General Technical Report GTR-INT-215. Ogden, UT: US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. p 461-464.

_____. 1987b. Succession in tree pits following cabling in pinyon-juniper communities. Southwestern Naturalist 32:399-402.

_____. 1987c. Succession of pinyon-juniper communities after mechanical disturbance in south central New Mexico. Journal of Range Mangement 40:88-94.

_____. 1987d. Water relationships of Quercus undulata, Pinus edulis, and Juniperus monosperma in seral pinyon-juniper communities of south-central New Mexico. In: R. L. Everett (comp.), Proceedings of the Pinyon-Juniper Conference; 13-16 January 1986; Reno, NV. General Technical Report GTR-INT-215. Ogden, UT: US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. p 429-434.

Schuler, T. M., and F. W. Smith. 1988. Effect of species mix on size/density and leaf area relations in southwest pinyon/juniper woodlands. Forest Ecology and Management 25:211-220.

Schupp, E. W., J. M. Gomez, J. E. Jimenez, and M. Fuentes. 1997. Dispersal of Juniperus occidentalis (western juniper) seeds by frugivorous mammals on juniper mountain, southeastern Oregon. Great Basin Naturalist 57:74-78.

Scoles, S. J., T. C. Esque, L. A. DeFalco, S. E. Eckert, and D. F. Haines. 2003. Cheatgrass and red brome abundance following post-fire revegetation treatments in a pinyon-juniper community at Parashant National Monument, Arizona. Pages 1-21 in Proceedings of Proceedings of the USGS Science for a Changing World.1-21.

Scott, V. E., and E. L. Boeker. 1977. Responses of Merriam's turkey to pinyon-juniper control. Journal of Range Management 30:220-223.

Sedgwick, J. A. 1987. Avian habitat relationships in pinyon-juniper woodland. Wilson Bulletin 99:413-431.

Sedgwick, J. A., and R. A. Ryder. 1986. Effects of chaining pinyon-juniper on nongame wildlife. In: R. L. Everett (comp.), Proceedings of the Pinyon-Juniper Conference; 13-16 January 1986; Reno, NV. General Technical Report GTR-INT-215. Ogden, UT: US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. p 541-551. Pages 541-551 in:541-551.

Segura, G., and L. C. Snook. 1992. Stand dynamics and regeneration patterns of a pinyon pine forest in east central Mexico. Forest Ecology and Management 47.

Seig, C. H. 1991. Rocky Mountain juniper woodlands: Year-round avian habitat. Pages 1-7 in  U.S. Forest Service Research Paper RM-296.

Severson, K. E. 1986a. Small mammals in modified pinyon-juniper woodlands, New Mexico. Journal of Range Management 39:31-34.

_____. 1986b. Woody plant reestablishment in modified pinyon-juniper woodlands, New Mexico. Journal of Range Management 39:438-442.

Severson, K. E., and B. J. Hayward. 1988. Rodent weights in modified pinyon-juniper woodlands of southwestern New Mexico. Great Basin Naturalist 48:554-557.

Shaw, H. G. 2006. Wood plenty, grass good, water none: vegetation changes in Arizona’s upper Verde River watershed from 1850 to 1997. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRSGTR-177. Fort Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 50 p.

Shaw, J. D., B. E. Steed, and L. T. DeBlander. 2005. Forest inventory and analysis (FIA) annual inventory answers the question: What is happening to pinyon-juniper woodlands? Journal of Forestry 103:280-285.

Sheehy, D. P. 1978. Characteristics of shrubland habitat associated with mule deer fawns at birth and during early life in southeastern Oregon.  in  ODFW Report Project W-70-R.

Sheffey, J. 1987. Field testing the point sampling method in pinyon-juniper woodlands. In: R. L. Everett (comp.), Proceedings of the Pinyon-Juniper Conference; 13-16 January 1986; Reno, NV. General Technical Report GTR-INT-215. Ogden, UT: US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. p 283-287.

Sheley, R. L., and J. D. Bates. 2008. Restoring western juniper- (Juniperus occidentalis) infested rangeland after prescribed fire. Weed Science 56:469-476.

Shepherd, U. L., S. L. Brantley, and C. A. Tarleton. 2002. Species richness and abundance patterns of microarthropods on cryptobiotic crusts in a piñon-juniper habitat: A call for greater knowledge. Journal of Arid Environments 52:349-360.

Shinneman, D. J. 2006. Determining restoration needs for piñon-juniper woodlands and adjacent semi-arid ecosystems on the Uncompahgre Plateau, Western Colorado. University of Wyoming, Laramie, Wyoming, USA.

Shinneman, D. J., W. L. Baker, and P. Lyon. 2008. Ecological restoration needs derived from reference conditions for a semi-arid landscape in Western Colorado, USA. Journal of Arid Environments 72:207-227.

Short, H. L., and C. Y. McCulloch. 1977. Managing pinyon-juniper ranges for wildlife.  in  U.S. Forest Service General Technical Report RM-47

Shukla, M. K., R. Lal, A. Ebinger, and C. Meyer. 2006. Physical and chemical properties of soils under some pinon-juniper-oak canopies in a semi-arid ecosystem in New Mexico. Journal of Arid Environments 66:673-685.

Silvertown, J., M. Franco, and I. Pisanty. 1993. Comparative plant demography-relative importance of life-cycle components to the finite rate of increase in woody and herbaceous perennials. Journal of Ecology 81:465-476.

Siminoni, G., J. Gignoux, and X. Le Roux. 2003. Tree layer spatial structure can affect savanna production and water budget: Results of a 3-D model. Ecology 84:1879-1894.

Skau, C. M. 1964. Soil water strategy under natural and cleared stands of alligator and Utah juniper in northern Arizona. Pages 1-3 in  U.S. Forest Service Research Note RM-24.

Skousen, J. G., J. N. Davis, and J. D. Brotherson. 1986. Comparison of vegetation patterns resulting from bulldozing and two-way chaining on a Utah pinyon-juniper big game range. Great Basin Naturalist 46:508-512.

_____. 1989. Pinyon-juniper chaining and seeding for big game in central Utah. Journal of Range Management 42:98-104.

Smeins, F. E., M. K. Owens, and S. D. Fuhlendorf. 1994. Biology and Ecology of Ashe (blueberry) juniper. in Proceedings of Proceedings of the Juniper Symposium, ed. C. A. Taylor, Jr., pp. 9-24. Sonora, Texas, Texas A&M University Research Station, Tech. Rep. 94-2.

Smith, F. W., and T. M. Schuler. 1987. Assessment of site quality in pinyon-juniper woodlands. In: R. L. Everett (comp.), Proceedings of the Pinyon-Juniper Conference; 13-16 January 1986; Reno, NV. General Technical Report GTR-INT-215. Ogden, UT: US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. p 260-265.

_____. 1988. Yields of southwestern pinyon-juniper woodlands. Western Journal of Applied Forestry 3:70-74.

Smith, M. A., H. A. Wright, and J. L. Schuster. 1975. Reproductive characteristics of redberry juniper. Journal of Range Management 28:126-128.

Soulé, P. T., and P. A. Knapp. 1999. Western juniper expansion on adjacent disturbed and near relict sites. Journal of Range Management 52:525-533.

_____. 2007. Topoedaphic and morphological complexity of foliar damage and mortality within western juniper (Juniperus occidentalis var. occidentalis) woodlands following an extreme meteorological event. Journal of Biogeography 34:1927-1937.

Soulé, P. T., P. A. Knapp, and H. D. Grissino-Mayer. 2003. Comparative rates of western juniper afforestation in south-central Oregon and the role of anthropogenic disturbance. The Professional Geographer 55:43-55.

_____. 2004. Human agency, environmental drivers, and western juniper establishment during the late Holocene. Ecological Applications 14:96-112.

Spang, E. F. 1987. Multiple-use management of pinyon-juniper from a Bureeau of Land Management perspective. In: R. L. Everett (comp.), Proceedings of the Pinyon-Juniper Conference; 13-16 January 1986; Reno, NV. General Technical Report GTR-INT-215. Ogden, UT: US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. p 489-492.

Springer, E. P. 1987. Assessinh range management alternatives using simulation models. In: R. L. Everett (comp.), Proceedings of the Pinyon-Juniper Conference; 13-16 January 1986; Reno, NV. General Technical Report GTR-INT-215. Ogden, UT: US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. p 513-517.

Springfield, H. W. 1976. Characteristics and management of southwestern pinyon-juniper ranges: The status of our knowledge. Pages 1-33 in  U.S. Forest Service Research Paper RM-60.

Stager, D. W., and D. A. Klebenow. 1987. Mule deer response to wildfire in Great Basin pinyon-juniper woodland.  In: R. L. Everett (comp.), Proceedings of the Pinyon-Juniper Conference; 13-16 January 1986; Reno, NV. General Technical Report GTR-INT-215. Ogden, UT: US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. p 572-579. Pages 572-579 in:572-579.

Steuter, A. A., and H. A. Wright. 1983. Spring burning effects on redberry juniper-mixed grass habitats. Journal of Range Management 36:161-164.

Stevens, R. 1983. Species adapted for seeding mountain brush, big, black, and low sagebrush, and pinyon-juniper communities. Pages 78-82 in Proceedings of Proceedings of the Monsen, Stephen B.; Shaw, Nancy, compilers. Managing Intermountain rangelands--improvement of range and wildlife habitats: 1981 September 15-17; Twin Falls, ID; 1982 June 22-24; Elko, NV. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-157. Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station: 78-82.:78-82.

_____. 1987. Thirty years of pinyon-juniper big game habitat improvement projects: What have we learned? In: R. L. Everett (comp.), Proceedings of the Pinyon-Juniper Conference; 13-16 January 1986; Reno, NV. General Technical Report GTR-INT-215. Ogden, UT: US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. p 558-571. Pages 558-571 in:558-571.

Stevens, R. E., J. W. Brewer, and D. T. Jennings. 1978. Life history and habits of Coleotechnites edulicola (Gelechiidae), a pinyon needle miner in the Southwest. Journal of Lepidopterists' Society 32:123-129.

Stoddard, M. T., D. W. Huffman, T. M. Alcoze, and P. Z. Fulé. 2008. Effects of slash on herbaceous communities in pinyon-juniper woodlands of northern Arizona. Rangeland Ecology and Management 61:485-495.

Strand, E. K., A. P. Robinson, and S. C. Bunting. 2007. Spatial patterns on the sagebrush steppe/western juniper ecotone. Plant Ecology 190:159-173.

Strand, E. K., L. A. Vierling, A. M. S. Smith, and S. C. Bunting. 2008. Net changes in aboveground woody carbon stock in western juniper woodlands, 1946-1998. Journal of Geophysical Research 113.

Stubbs, M. M., and D. A. Pyke. 2005. Available nitrogen: A time-based study of manipulated resource islands. Plant and Soil 270:123-133.

Swan, L. 1995. Western juniper: An evolving case study in commercialization, ecosystem management, and community development. in Proceedings of Proceedings of the Desired Future Conditions for Pinyon-Juniper Ecosystems, tech. coords. D.W. Shaw, E.F. Aldon, and C. LoSapio, pp. 179-183. USDA Forest Service, Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-258.

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