Juniper Stand Panorama
The Pinyon-Juniper Zone

 

References

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Gafney, D. J., and R. M. Lanner. 1987. Evolutionary sorting of the pinyon pine taxa in Zion National Prak, Utah. In: R. L. Everett (comp.), Proceedings of the Pinyon-Juniper Conference; 13-16 January 1986; Reno, NV. General Technical Report GTR-INT-215. Ogden, UT: US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. p 288-292.

Gaither, R. E., and J. C. Buckhouse. 1983. Infiltration rates of various vegetative communities within the Blue Mountains of Oregon. Journal of Range Management 36:58-60.

Garcia Mora, M. R., J. B. Gallego Ferandez, Y. Hernandez Gallego, J. C. Munoz Reinoso, and D. Reyes Diaz. 1995. Ecology and conservation status of Juniperus phoenicea ssp. turbinata woodlands in the Huelva dune systems (SW Spain). Pages 203-215 in Proceedings of Proceedings of the 2nd Intern. Conf. Meditterranean Coastal, Environ. MEDCOASR 95. 95:203-215.

Gardner, A. S., and M. Fisher. 1994. How the forest lost its trees: Just so storytelling about Juniperus excelsa in Arabia. Journal of Arid Environments 26:299-301.

Garrett, L. D. 1987. Evaluating multiresource benefits of treatments in pinyon-juniper woodlands. In: R. L. Everett (comp.), Proceedings of the Pinyon-Juniper Conference; 13-16 January 1986; Reno, NV. General Technical Report GTR-INT-215. Ogden, UT: US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. p 188-191.

Gascho Landis, A. M., and J. D. Bailey. 2005. Reconstruction of age structure and spatial arrangement of piñon-juniper woodlands and savannas of Anderson Mesa, northern Arizona. Forest Ecology and Management 204:221-236.

_____. 2006. Predicting age of pinyon and juniper using allometric relationships. Western Journal of Applied Forestry 21:203-206.

Gedney, D. R., D. L. Azuma, C. L. Bolsinger, and N. McKay. 1999. Western juniper in eastern Oregon.  in  U.S. Forest Service General Technical Report PNW GTR-464.

Gehlbach, F. R. 1967. Vegetation of the Guadalupe Escarpment New Mexico, Texas. Ecology 48:404-418.

Gholz, H. L. 1980. Structure and productivity of Juniperus occidentalis in central Oregon. American Midland Naturalist 103:251-261.

Gifford, G. F. 1969. Influence of junyon-juniper conversions and water quality on permeability of surface soils. Water Resources Research 5:895-899.

_____. 1970. Some water movement patterns over and through pinyon-juniper litter. Journal of Range Management 23:365-366.

_____. 1973a. Influence of chaining pinyon-juniper on net radiation, solar radiation, and wind. Journal of Range Management 26:130-133.

_____. 1973b. Runoff and sediment yields from runoff plots on chained pinyon-juniper sites in Utah. Journal of Range Management 26:440-443.

_____. 1975. Approximate annual water budgets of two chained pinyon-juniper sites. Journal of Range Management 28:73-74.

_____. 1987. Myths and fables and the pinyon-juniper type. In: R. L. Everett (comp.), Proceedings of the Pinyon-Juniper Conference; 13–16 January 1986; Reno, NV. General Technical Report GTR-INT-215. Ogden, UT: US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. p 34-37.

Gifford, G. F., and C. B. Shaw. 1973. Soil moisture patterns on two chained pinyon-juniper sites in Utah. Journal of Range Management 26:436-440.

Gifford, G. F., and R. K. Tew. 1969. Influence of pinyon-juniper eradication and water quality on permeability of surface soils. Water Resources Research 5:895-899.

Gifford, G. F., G. Williams, and G. B. Coltharp. 1970. Infiltration and erosion studies on pinyon-juniper conversion sites in southern Utah. Journal of Range Management 23:402-406.

Gillet, C., and J. W. Brewer. 1983. Biology of Janetiella coloradensis Felt., a needle gall midge on Pinus edulis Engelm. Zeitschrift fur Angewandte Entomologie 95:326-335.

Gitlin, A. R., C. M. Sthultz, M. A. Bowker, S. Stumpf, K. L. Paxton, K. Kennedy, A. Munoz, J. K. Bailey, and T. G. Whitham. 2006. Mortality gradients within and among dominant plant populations as barometers of ecosystem change during extreme drought. Conservation Biology 20:1477-1486.

Goguen, C. B., and N. E. Mathews. 1998. Songbird community composition and nesting success in grazed and ungrazed pinyon-juniper woodlands. Journal of Wildlife Management 62:474-484.

Goodloe, S. 1993. The pinyon-juniper invasion: An inevitable disaster. in Proceedings of Proceedings of the symposium Managing pinyon-juniper ecosystems for sustainability and social needs. Santa Fe, NM, April 26-30. Pp. 153-154 In: Aldron, E. F. and D.W. Shaw, editors. General Technical Report RM-236. U.S. Forest Service.

Gottfried, G. J. 1987. Regeneration of pinyon. In: R. L. Everett (comp.), Proceedings of the Pinyon-Juniper Conference; 13-16 January 1986; Reno, NV. General Technical Report GTR-INT-215. Ogden, UT: US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. p 249-254.

Gottfried, G. J., and L. J. Heidmann. 1986. Effects of cold stratification and seed coat sterilization treatments on pinyon (Pinus edulis) germination. in Proceedings of Proceedings of the Conifer Tree Seed in the Inland Mountain West Symposium. p. 38-43.  Raymond C. Shearer, comp. USDA Forest Service, General Technical Report INT-203. Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Ogden, UT. 289 p.

Gottfried, G. J., and K. E. Severson. 1994. Managing pinyon-juniper woodlands. Rangelands 16:234-236.

Gottfried, G. J., T. W. Swetnam, J. L. Betancourt, and A. L. Chung-MacCoubrey. 1995. Pinyon-juniper woodlands. Pages 95-132 in  U.S. Forest Service General Technical Report RM-GTR-268, Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Fort Collins, CO.

Gray, J. R., J. M. Fowler, and M. A. Bray. 1982. Free-use fuelwood in New Mexico: Inventory exhaustion and energy equations. Journal of Forestry 80:23-26.

Gray, S. T., J. L. Betancourt, S. T. Jackson, and R. Eddy. 2006. Role of multidecadal climate variability in a range extention of pinyon pine. Ecology 87:1124-1130.

Greene, S. E., and B. Copeland. 1984. Poker Jim Ridge Research Natural Area.  in  U.S. Forest Service Supplement No. 16.

Greenwood, D. L., and P. J. Weisberg. 2008. Density dependant mortality in pinyon-juniper woodlands. Forest Ecology and Management 255:2129-2137.

Greenwood, L. R., and J. D. Brotherson. 1978. Ecological relationships between pinyon-juniper and true mountain mahogany stands in the Uintah Basin, Utah. Journal of Range Management 31:164-167.

Grier, C. C., K. J. Elliot, and D. G. McCullough. 1992. Biomass distribution and productivity of Pinus edulis-Juniperus monosperma woodlands north-central Arizona. Forest Ecology and Management 50:331-349.

Grier, C. C., and S. W. Running. 1977. Leaf area of mature northwestern coniferous forests relation to site water balance. Ecology 58:893-899.

Grier, C. C., and R. H. Waring. 1974. Conifer foliage mass related to sapwood area. Forest Science 20:205-206.

Griffin, J. R., and W. B. Critchfield. 1972. The distribution of forest trees in California.  in  U.S. Forest Service Research Paper PSW-82.

Gruell, G. E. 1999. Historical and modern roles of fire in pinyon-juniper woodlands. Pages 24-28 in  U.S. Forest Service RMRS-P-9.

Gruell, G. E., L. E. Eddleman, and R. Jandl. 1994. Fire history of the pinyon-juniper woodlands of Great Basin National Park.  in  USDI National Park Service, NPS/PNROSU/NRTR-94/01.

Gubanich, A. A., and H. R. Panik. 1987. Avian use of waterholes in pinyon-juniper. Pages 535-540 in  U.S. Forest Service General Technical Report, INT-GTR-215.

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