Juniper Stand Panorama
The Pinyon-Juniper Zone

 

References

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Send your suggestions for additional refecences to Dr. Richard Miller; richard.miller@oregonstate.edu

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Carrara, P. E., and T. R. Carroll. 1979. The determination of erosion rates from exposed tree roots in the Piceance Basin, Colorado. Earth Surface Processes 4:307-317.

Cartledge, T. R., and J. G. Propper. 1993. Pinyon-juniper through time: Information and insights from the past. in Proceedings of Proceedings of the symposium Managing pinyon-juniper ecosystems for sustainability and social needs. Santa Fe, NM, April 26-30. Pp. 63-71 In: Aldron, E. F. and D.W.Shaw, editors. General Technical Report RM-236. USDA Forest Service.

Chabot, F. B., and W. D. Billings. 1972. Origins and ecology of the Sierran alpine flora and vegetation. Ecological Monographs 42:163-169.

Chambers, J. C. 2001. Pinus monophylla establishment in an expanding Pinus-Juniperus woodland: Environmental conditions, facilitation and interacting factors. Journal of Vegetation Science 12:27-40.

_____. 2008. Fire and the Great Basin. USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-204.

Chambers, J. C., E. W. Schupp, and S. B. Vander Wall. 1999a. Seed dispersal and seedling establishment of piñon and juniper species within the piñon-juniper woodland. Pages 29-34 in Proceedings of Proceedings of the U.S. Forest Service, RMRS-P-9.29-34.

Chambers, J. C., S. B. Vander Wall, and E. W. Schupp. 1999b. Seed and seedling ecology of pinyon and juniper species in the pygmy woodlands of western North America. The Botanical Review 65:1-38.

Chavez-Ramirez, F. 1992. The role of birds and mammals in the dispersal ecology of Ashe juniper (Juniperus ashei Buckh.) in the Edwards Plateau, Texas. Texas A&M University, College Station, TX.

Chavez-Ramirez, F., and R. D. Slack. 1994. Effects of avian foraging and post-foraging behavior on seed dispersal patterns of Ashe juniper. OIKOS 71:40-46.

Chittester, J. M., and C. D. MacLean. 1984. Cubic-foot tree volume equations and tables for western juniper.  in  U.S. Forest Service Research Paper PNW-420.

Chojnacky, D. C. 1985. Pinyon-juniper volume equations for the central Rocky Mountain states. Pages 1-27 in  Usda Forest Service Intermountain Research Station Research Paper.

_____. 1986. Pinyon-juniper site quality and volume growth equations for Nevada. Pages 1-7 in  Usda Forest Service Intermountain Research Station Research Paper.

_____. 1987. Volume and growth prediction for pinyon-juniper. In: R. L. Everett (comp.), Proceedings of the Pinyon-Juniper Conference; 13-16 January 1986; Reno, NV. General Technical Report GTR-INT-215. Ogden, UT: US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. p 207-215.

_____. 1988. Juniper, pinyon, oak, and mesquite volume equations for Arizona. Pages 1-11 in  Usda Forest Service Intermountain Research Station Research Paper.

_____. 1994. Volume equations for New Mexico's pinyon-juniper dryland forest. Pages 1-10 in  U.S. Forest Service Research Paper INT-471.

_____. 1997. Modeling diameter growth for pinyon and juniper trees in dryland forests. Forest Ecology and Management 93:21-31.

Chojnacky, D. C., and G. G. Moisen. 1993. Converting wood volume to biomass for pinyon and juniper.  in  U.S. Forest Service Research Note INT 411.

Christensen, E. M. 1959. A comparative study of the climates of mountain brush, pinyon-juniper, and sagebrush communities in Utah. Pages 174-175 in Proceedings of Proceedings of Utah Academy of Science, Arts and Letters. 36:174-175.

Christensen, E. M., and J. D. Brotherson. 1979. Decreases of juniper woodland in the Utah and Salt Lake Valleys since settlement. Great Basin Naturalist 39:263-266.

Christensen, E. M., and S. L. Welsh. 1963. Presettlement vegeation of the valleys of western summit and Wasatch counties, Utah. Pages 161-174 in Proceedings of Proceedings of the Utah Academy 40:161-174.

Christensen, K. M., and T. G. Whitham. 1991. Indirect herbivore mediation of avian seed dispersal in pinyon pine. Ecology 72:533-542.

Chung-MacCoubrey, A. L. 2003. Monitoring long-term reuse of trees by bats in pinyon-juniper woodlands of New Mexico. Wildlife Society Bulletin 31:73-79.

_____. 2005. Use of pinyon-juniper woodlands by bats in New Mexico. Forest Ecology and Management 204:209-220.

Clary, W. P. 1971. Effects of Utah juniper removal of herbage yields from Sprongerville soils. Journal of Range Management 24:373-378.

_____. 1974. Response of herbaceous vegetation to felling of alligator juniper. Journal of Range Management 27:387-389.

_____. 1987. Herbage production and livestock grazing in pinyon-juniper woodlands. In: R. L. Everett (comp.), Proceedings of the Pinyon-Juniper Conference; 13-16 January 1986; Reno, NV. General Technical Report GTR-INT-215. Ogden, UT: US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. p 440-447.

_____. 1989. Test of RPA production coefficients and local assumptions for the pinyon-juniper ecosystem in central Utah. Pages 1-11 in  U.S. Forest Service Research Report INT 403.

Clary, W. P., M. B. Baker, P. F. O'Connell, T. N. Johnson, and R. E. Campbell. 1974. Effects of pinyon-juniper removal on natural resource products and uses in Arizona. USDA Forest Service, Research Paper RM-128. Rocky Mountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Fort Collins, CO. 28 p.

Clary, W. P., and D. C. Morrison. 1973. Large alligator junipers benefit early-spring forage. Journal of Range Management 26:70-71.

Clary, W. P., and F. J. Wagstaff. 1987. Biological and economic effectiveness of several revegeation techniques in the pinyon-juniper-sagebrush zone. In: R. L. Everett (comp.), Proceedings of the Pinyon-Juniper Conference; 13-16 January 1986; Reno, NV. General Technical Report GTR-INT-215. Ogden, UT: US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Research Station. p 305-312.

Clendenen, G. W. 1979. Gross cubic-volume equations and tables, outside bark, for pinyon and juniper trees in northern New Mexico. USDA Forest Service, Research Paper INT-228. Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, Ogden, UT. 21 p.

Coats, L. L., K. L. Cole, and J. I. Mead. 2008. 50,000 years of vegetation and climate history on the Colorado Plateau, Utah and Arizona, USA. Quaternary Research 70:322-338.

Cole, K. L. 1983. Late Pleistocene vegetation of Kings Canyon, Sierra Nevada, California. Quaternary Research 19:117-129.

Cole, K. L., J. Fisher, S. T. Arundel, J. Cannella, and S. Swift. 2008. Geographical and climatic limits of needle types of one- and two-needled pinyon pines. Journal of Biogeography 35:257-269.

Coomes, D. A., and P. J. Grubb. 2000. Impacts of root competition in forests and woodlands: A theoretical framework and review of experiements. Ecological Monographs 70:171-207.

Cooper, S. V., P. T. Mueller, and R. B. Murray. 1978. Habitat-type classification of pinyon juniper woodlands in the Great Basin.  in  Agricultural Experiment Station, Reno NV 60 pp.

Covington, W. W., and L. F. DeBano. 1988. Effects of fire on pinyon-juniper soils. Pages 78-86 in  U.S. Forest Service General Technical Report Effects of Fire Management of Southwestern Natural Resources RM-GTR-191.

Covington, W. W., L. F. DeBano, and G. Huntsberger. 1991. Soil nitrogen changes associated with slash pile burning in pinyon-juniper woodlands. Forest Science 37:347-355.

Crimmins, M. A., and A. C. Comrie. 2004. Interactions between antecedent climate and wildfire variability across southeastern Arizona. International Journal of Wildland Fire 13:445-466.

Crist, O. T., and C. F. Friese. 1993. The impact of fungi on soil seeds: Implications for plants and granivores in a semiarid shrub-steppe. Ecology 74:2231-2239.

Critchfield, W. B., and G. L. Allenbaugh. 1965. The distribution of Pinaceae in and near northern Nevada. Pages 12-26 in Proceedings of Proceedings of the Utah Academy. 42:12-26.

Cunningham, R. A., and R. M. King. 2000. Juniper seed sources in the Great Plains.  in  U.S. Forest Service General Technical Report RMRS-GTR-51.

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