Juniper Stand Panorama
The Pinyon-Juniper Zone



Below is the beginning of an extensive alphabetical list of references pertaining to the piñon-juniper ecological zone. Use the Quick Links at the right to move through the list alphabetically.





Send your suggestions for additional refecences to Dr. Richard Miller;


Adams, A. W. 1975. A brief history of juniper and shrub populations in southern Oregon.  in  Oregon State Wildlife Commission, Wildlife Research Report No. 6, Corvallis, OR, 33 pp.

Adams, R. P., T. Demeke, and H. A. Abulfaith. 1993. RAPD DNA fingerprints and terpenoids: clues to past migration of Juniperus in Arabia and east Africa. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 87:22-26.

Adams, R. P., and T. A. Zanoni. 1979. The distribution, synonymy and taxonomy of three junipers of the southwestern United States and northern Mexico. The Southwestern Naturalist 24:323-329.

Agee, J. K. 1996. Fire in the Blue Mountains: a history, ecology and research agenda.  in  Chapter 7, pp.119-146. Search for a Solution: Sustaining the Land, People, and Economy of the Blue Mountains. American Forests. Washington, D.C.

Ahmed, M., S. S. Shaukat, and A. H. Buzdar. 1990. Population structure and dynamics of Juniperus excelsa in Balouchistan, Pakistan. Journal of Vegetation Science 1:271-276.

Aldon, E. F., and D. W. Shaw. 1993. Managing piñon-juniper ecosystems for sustainability and social needs.  in p. U.S. Forest Service General Technical Report RM-236.

Aldrich, G. A., J. A. Tanaka, R. M. Adams, and J. C. Buckhouse. 2005. Economics of western juniper control in central Oregon. Rangeland Ecology and Management 58:542-552.

Allen, C. D. 2007. Interactions across spatial scales among forest dieback, fire, and erosion in northern New Mexico landscapes. Ecosystems 10:797-808.

Allen, C. D., and D. D. Breshears. 1998. Drought-induced shift of a forest woodland ecotone: rapid landscape response to climate variation. Pages 14839-14842 in Proceedings of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 95:14839-14842.

Allen, C. D., M. Savage, D. A. Falk, K. F. Suckling, T. W. Swetnam, T. Schulke, P. B. Stacey, P. Morgan, M. Hoffman, and J. T. Klingel. 2002. Ecological restoration of southwestern ponderosa pine ecosystems: a broad perspective. Ecological Applications 12:1418-1433.

Allen, E. A., J. C. Chambers, and R. S. Nowak. 2008. Effects of a spring prescribed burn on the soil seed bank in sagebrush steppe exhibiting pinyon-juniper expansion. Western North American Naturalist 68:265-277.

Allen, E. A., and R. S. Nowak. 2008. Effect of pinyon–juniper tree cover on the soil seed bank. Rangeland Ecology and Managment 61:63-73.

Allphin, L., A. F. Hunt, and V. J. Anderson. 2007. Genetic diversity and low reproductive success in isolated populations of Utah juniper (Juniperus osteosperma, Cupressaceae). Western North American Naturalist 67:323-337.

Anderson, J. J., and N. S. Cobb. 2004. Tree cover discrimination in panchromatic aerial imagery of pinyon-juniper woodlands. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing 70:1063-1068.

Andre, G., H. A. Mooney, and R. D. Wright. 1965. The pinyon woodland zone in the White Mountains of California. American Midland Naturalist 73:225-239.

Angell, R. F., and R. F. Miller. 1994. Simulation of leaf conductance and transpiration in Juniperus occidentalis. Forest Science 40:5-17.

Ansley, R. J., and G. A. Rasmussen. 2005. Managing native invasive juniper species using fire. Weed Technology 19:517-522.

Ansley, R. J., H. T. Wiedemann, M. J. Castellano, and J. E. Slosser. 2006. Herbaceous restoration of juniper-dominated grasslands with chaining and fire. Journal of Rangeland Ecology and Management 59:171-178.

Archer, S. 1989. Have southern Texas savannas been converted to woodlands in recent history? The American Naturalist 134:545-561.

Archer, S., D. S. Schimel, and E. A. Holland. 1995. Mechanisms of shrubland expansion land use, climate or CO2? Climatic Change 29:91-99.

Archer, S., C. Scifres, C. R. Bassham, and R. Maggio. 1988. Autogenic succession in a subtropical savanna: conversion of grassland to thorn woodland. Ecological Monographs 58:111-127.

Arista, M., P. L. Ortiz, and S. Talavera. 1996. Reproductive isolation of two sympatric subspecies of Juniperus phoenicea (Cupressaceae) in southern Spain. Plant Systematics and Evolution 208:225-237.

Armentrout, S. M., and R. D. Pieper. 1988. Plant distribution surrounding Rocky Mountain pinyon pine and one-seed juniper in south-central New Mexico. Journal of Range Management 41:139-143.

Arno, S. F., and K. M. Sneck. 1977. A method for determining fire history in coniferous forests of the mountain West. Pages 1-28 in  U.S. Forest Service General Technical Report, INT-GTR-42.

Arnold, J. F. 1964. Zonation of understory vegetation around a juniper tree. Journal of Range Management 17:41-42.

Arnold, J. F., D. A. Jameson, and E. H. Reid. 1964. The pinyon-juniper type of Arizona: effects of grazing, fire, and tree control. Pages 28 in U. S. D. o. A. U.S. Forest Service Production Research Report 84, 28 pp.

Aro, R. S. 1971. Evaluation of pinyon-juniper conversion to grassland. Journal of Range Management 24:188-197.

Asner, G. P., S. Archer, R. F. Hughes, R. J. Ansley, and C. A. Wessman. 2003. Net changes in regional woody vegetation cover and carbon storage in Texas drylands, 1937-1999. Global Change Biology 9:316-335.

Austin, D. D. 1987. Plant community changes within a mature pinyon-juniper woodland. Great Basin Naturalist 47:96-99.

Austin, D. D., and P. J. Urness. 1976. Small mammal densities related to understory cover in a Colorado Plateau pinyon-juniper forest. Pages 5-12 in A. Transactions of the Utah Academy of Sciences, and Letters.

Azuma, D. L., B. A. Hiserote, and P. A. Dunham. 2005. The western juniper resource of eastern Oregon, 1999.  in O. U. S. D. o. A. Resour. Bull. PNW-RB-249. Portland, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station.