Because stone is durable and most other elements of early sites are subject to decay, lithic tools are common indicators of the earliest people in an environment. Because of their endurance, tools made by early people may be found and reused, and often reworked, by later people, and then deposited by them. Thus, a tool that has a style or shape that has been accepted as made by early cultures (such as fluted projectile points categorized as Clovis or Folsom) indicates the presence of early prehistoric people in a general area, but may not always indicate an early prehistoric site. Still, these tools ultimately may provide important clues about early settlements and the people who made them and the last people who used them.  

   

     The table below lists 18 fluted points from Oregon, indicating their material and how they were found as well as references to their description (identified by number in bibliography). We appreciate use of all of the reports and especially thank John Fagan for his advice and for the excellent summary that he included in the Seneca Clovis report written by Terry Ozbun and John Fagan (number 10, below). We would very much appreciate any additional information which we may have overlooked concerning other fluted points found in Oregon; please contact our web-master!

 

ID

SITE_NAME

SITE_NUMBER

LOCATION

MATERIAL

PORTION

TYPOLOGY

DISCOVERY

REFERENCES

COMMENTS

1

Seneca Clovis

35DO634

Up. Umpq.Basin

obsidian

basal

Clovis

survey

10

Buck Mountain Source

2

Siltcoos

none

Is., Siltcoos Lake

red jasper

reworked

Clovis

local person

8

with later types

3

Cottage Grove

none

Cottage Grove??

grey-banded obsidian

complete

Folsom

local person

8

specifics of find vague

4

Fern Ridge

none

Long Tom Basin

red-brown chert

~complete

Clovis

local person

2

tip slightly broken

5

Canby Clovis

none

Canby farm

white chert

reworked

Clovis

local person

6;10

with later types

6

Mohawk Valley

none

Mohawk gravels

black obsidian

~complete

Clovis

local???

1;5;10

worn by river tumbling

7

Winchuck

35CU176

Winchuck R.side

green CCS

basal

Clovis

augur; exc.

3;10

prob. broken in use

8

Green Springs

none

KF/Ashland hwy.

red/green CCS

basal

Clovis

local person

10

prob. broken in use

9

Medco Pond

none

n. Butte Falls

mottled jasper

complete

Clovis

local person

7

-

10

Winchester

none

N.Umpqua R.

red jasper

basal

Clovis

survey?

10

prob. broken in use

 

11

Ridgeline Meadow

35JA301

KF/Ashland

white CCS

basal

Clovis

survey

10

prob. broken in use

 

12

Camas Valley

none

Up.Coq. R. bank

green-brown chert

basal

Clovis

local person

10;11
prob. broken in use

 

13

Dietz

35LK1529

Alkali Basin

obsidian

many tools

Clovis

local person

10;12

Buck Mountain source

14

Malheur

none

M.L. old shore

mottled jasper

complete

Clovis

local person

5

eroding; 92mm long

15

Blalock

none

1.5 mi S, Col.R

vitreous lava

complete

Clovis

local person

5

blowout in farm; 64mm

16

Fort Rock

none

Ft. Rock area

tan chalcedony

basal

fluted

collector

5

deep blowout

17

E. Oregon

none

vague: E.O.

red obsidian

complete

Clovis

local person

9

-

18

Harney Lake

none

No. Catlow V.

basalt

complete?

fluted

collector

4

about 50mm

19
Hoyt Site
none
central Oregon
black obsidian
complete?
Clovis
collector
13
re-sharpened; smaller

 

 

 

Bibliography

1. Allely, Steven (1975) A Clovis Point from the Mohawk River Valley, Western Oregon. In: Archaeological Studies in the Willamette Valley, Oregon., edited by C. Melvin Aikens. University of Oregon Anthropological Papers No. 8. Pp. 549-552.

2. Connolly, Thomas J (1994) Paleo Point Occurrences in the Willamette Valley, Oregon. In Contributions to the Archaeology of Oregon 1989-1994. Association of Oregon Archaeologists Occasional Papers No. 5. Pp.81-88.

3. Fagan, John L. (1990) Preliminary Lithic Analysis of the Winchuck Site 35-CU-176. Report Prepared for the Siskiyou National Forest.

4. Gerity, Tom (1959) Fluted Point from Oregon. Screenings Vol 8 (3): 2.

5. Gerity, Thomas (1960) Clovis Points from Oregon Screenings Vol. 9 (4): 2-3.

6. Heinz, Fred (1975) Another Clovis Point. Screenings Vol. 20 (7): 3.

7. LaLande, Jeff and John Fagan (1982) Clovis Point: Possible Clovis Point Find-Butte Falls. Current Archaeological Happenings in Oregon Vol. 7 (1): 10.

8. Minor, Rick (1985) Paleo-Indians in Western Oregon: A Description of Two Fluted Projectile Points. Northwest Anthropological Research Notes Vol. 19: 33-40.

9. Osborne, Douglas (1956) Evidence of the Early Lithic in the Pacific Northwest. Research Studies, State College of Washington Vol. 24: 38-44.

10. Ozbun, Terry L. and John L. Fagan (1996) Archaeological Testing and Evaluation of the Seneca Clovis Site (35DO634). Archaeological Investigations Northwest Inc. Report No. 102. Portland.

11. Wallman, Steve (1994) Camas Valley Clovis Projectile Fragment. Screenings Vol. 43 (4): 2.

12. Willig, Judith (1989) Paleo-Archaic Broad Spectrum Adaptations at the Pleistocene-Holocene Boundary in Far Western North America. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Oregon, Eugene.

13. Bostrom, Peter (personal communication, 2003). Also shown in Bostrom's Poster #103. Bostrom reported that the tool is from a tool manufacturing site in central Oregon.